instructional approaches used for students in general are oftentimes referred to as special instruction. In the early 21st century, there is little disagreement regarding the necessity of special instruction for learners with a difference. However, one of the greatest and most unexpected benefits of special instruction may very well become the support it offers to all students.

PL 94-142 evolved into what is now called the INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES EDUCATION ACT (I.D.E.A.), PL 101-476, with added emphasis on early prevention and planning. Today, the law is clear: No child may be denied a free and appropriate public education. Special education today is still an effort to deal with the human differences that threaten the efficacy of the educational process. Experiments designed to respond to questions of how a student with a disability or a combination of disabilities will respond to which methods and at what stage of development are as pertinent today as they were in the time of Itard. Special education is said to mean specially designed instruction that meets the unusual needs of an exceptional child. The approaches, techniques and strategies that have been developed to comprise alternatives to the
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